Dinesh authors the hugely popular Computer Notes blog. Computers classification*** Computers can be generally classified by size and power as follows, though there is Considerable overlap: • Personal computer: A small, single-user computer based on a microprocessor. ]W�y�[�����#�7b�t�B�&(hocw�ߛq�S�s[L^���Q6;�H!��q�5��:괲~$���9�� ��F�c�U9Z�Ǧ�q��]��14u�s����҅��bF�? On 29 th July, 2015, President of the United States, Barack Obama, approved the development of an Exascale Super Computer.The Exascale Super computer will be 30 times faster and more powerful than today’s fastest Super Computers. The computer systems can be classified on the following basis: 1. Classification on the basis of size. The set of instructions is called Program and can be written using artificial languages like Basic, FORTRAN, C, C++, Java etc. stream �I��8}��R�K������v����z�mdcFU�&��b9��}�p�a���xm� ��/[a��r���'�x���3 d��huD���h����WN�$��? Super computers : The super computers are the most high performing system. Computer programmers decide which data structures to use based on the nature of the data and the processes that need to be performed on that data. According to size computers can be divided into following types: 1. Super computer is the fastest, most expensive, big in size, and most powerful computer that can perform multiple tasks within no second. This chapter introduces the student to what a computer is, classifies computers into different categories, compares the different classes of computers and also introduces the keyboard as as a basic input device. § Workstation: A powerful, single-user computer. Content List Chapter No. •It is defined as a computer that has microprocessor as its CPU. Tyrocity.com envisions the education system of the country to be redefined through active engagement, discussions, required assistance and by bringing the right information to your fingertips. It has smaller • Most PDAs also offer a variety of other applica-tion software such as word processing, spread- 3. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us. Nov 09, 2020 - Chapter 20: Classification of computers - PPT, Computer fundamentals, Class Computer Science Engineering (CSE) Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of Computer Science Engineering (CSE). Computer Types, Functional units, Basic operational concepts, Bus structures, Software, Performance, multiprocessors and multi computers. Introduction to Computers . Such computers process data into a digital value (in 0s and 1s). Classification Of Computers. 5 0 obj /Parent 2 0 R Mini-computer •Is a medium sized computer that is more powerful than microcomputers. These Notes Key Book, Guide & Handouts with solved exercises are as per latest syllabus. The classification of generations has been done based on technology, speed, storage, reliability and cost. At home, the most popular use for personal computers is playing games and surfing the Internet. Some of the more commonly used data structures include lists, arrays, stacks, queues, heaps, trees, and graphs. Starting from 1940s, computers’ performance, measured in terms of processing speed, storage capacity, accuracy of results, multi … The need to develop such a high performance Supercomputer comes after China’s surge in high performance computing. Analog Computers Analog computers are used to process continuous data. The first computers used vacuum tubes for circuitry and magnetic drums for memory, and were often enormous, taking up entire rooms. PCs are based on the microprocessor technology that enables manufacturers to put an entire CPU on one chip. MCQs XT computers have processing speed of 4.77 MHz and are comparatively slow in speed. 2 0 obj • mainframe : A powerful multi-user computer capable of supporting many hundreds or thousands of users simultaneously. In this article, we classified computers into four, namely: by generation, by size, by type, and by degree of versatility. Its principal characteristics are: § It responds to a specific set of instructions in a well-defined manner. Computer Studies Notes Form 1 Chapter 1 . Fixed Point Representation. ��L>>ɱUJV��QX9U���ss�*N���B��?m�y�@s^"���V��w@6���T{��j��R��� ����Pd8KG�\��x+���ʟ�I���-��KI! For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us. Classification of Computers Computers can be classified according to their functionality and size. They can be held in hands. These notes are useful if you are the student of Federal Board in Pakistan. <> Classification of Computer 1. Micro-computer •It is defined as a computer that has microprocessor as its CPU. Although personal computers are designed as sin… •Micro-computers •Minicomputers •Mainframe computer •Supercomputers. The following figure illustrates the classification of computers based on different criteria. Classification of Computer On the Basis of Size. 3 0 obj UNIT-I . They are expensive than desktop. The weight of laptop is around 3 to 5 kg. § It can execute a prerecorded list of instructions (a program). E-notes on Classification of Digital Computers Definition: A Computer A computer is an electronic device that accepts raw data, processes it according to a set of instructions and required to produce the desired result. II. -+�\����孹7%.�B_ Computers are classified into various types based on historical development (computer generation), purpose, technology used, and size & storage capacity. 4 0 obj Most of these words imply the size, expected use or capability of the computer. Classification Of Computers • • • • Micro-computers Minicomputers Mainframe computer Supercomputers Micro-c In terms of power, nowadays high-end models of the Macintosh and PC offer the same computing power and graphics capability as low-end workstations by Sun Microsystems, Hewlett-Packard, and Dell. /ExtGState <> Digital computer –Digital computer is the most commonly used type of computer and is used to process information with quantities using digits, usually using the binary number system.Ex – MacBook. CP Unit-1: Computer Programming Pdf Notes. On the basis of data handling. On the basis of size. A Complete Key Book in PDF Format for Class 11 (XI) / HSSC / Intermediate. M.Sc Computer Science Computer Notes Class 9 . Generation of Computer: Every stage of technological advancement in computer development is referred to as a ‘Generation of Computer’. Computer Studies Notes Form 1 Chapter 1 . computers are also called PDAs, palmtops and pocket computers. Classification of Computer: Types of Computers. �����\��sS���ظ�5Ep.łF�S=JIh6a^7��&ۣ�nv>dM5���������*� �;�{�3�Siɓc����X�����SWx�Mv5��=���^w������a\�Hj�0��m�C��J�H�w�����4`r��pb�^.G��ue�����i=��3Fx��T鉆���B*�!�Q���TMW��� %�����s:��r�Vdb���� �H�NR���$�]R���4��X}�� Data types, Complements, Data Representation. The time periods for this computer are from 1975 - 1982. It uses multiple number of CPU. While the term computer can apply to almost any device that has a microprocessor in it, most people think of a computer as a device that Notebook: - These computers are as powerful as desktop but size of these computers are comparatively smaller than laptop and desktop. Introduction to Computers, Anatomy of Computers, Input and Output Devices 5-11 2 Units of Memory, Hardware, Software and Classification of Computers 12-17 3 Personal Computers, Types of Processors, Booting of Computer- warm and cold booting 18-20 4 Computer Viruses, Worms and Vaccines 21-24 5 Operating System – Some Fundamental DOS The first computers used vacuum tubes for circuitry and magnetic drums for memory, and were often enormous, taking up entire rooms. Thus any computer which solve problem by translating physical conditions such as flow, temperature, pressure, angular position or voltage into related /Group <> Computer Organization Pdf Free Download. Computers are classify according to: Purpose Type of Data Handled Capacity 3. The time periods for this computer are from 1975 - 1982. While the term computer can apply to almost any device that has a microprocessor in it, most people think of a computer as a device that Classification of Computer On the Basis of Size. We will keep adding updated notes, past papers, guess papers and other materials with time. endobj ]}�����ŋ�%�R�V��ar�鴂�>bش��K�2ǪH�m�k}�B��Q�¢�]����[N5��S���Lj�@?�&�x�a���ת��ˬG�c��{�����)�� r�K{��HZ'������=���0�e��N=�3M���PaFk��E�+�">�p��.og�k�C�U4��w���`q��a�^��ANt�ғգ^��,|2{)p���i���~Pt V"�41y8� N�W-�6w���&((��Ъ�%��v���`O��3�'w8����n(*AJ :��m+��A��F���h`�E�e�rjK��ː;����J^��B�Z��ރ�?��)i�^���A_��Z��X.K�9�[� Classification of computers by type 1. Computer Science Notes for 1st Year for Federal Board (FBISE) Islamabad & Punjab Boards. Hugely popular computer Notes class 9 laptop is around 3 to 5 kg results more., basic operational concepts, Bus structures, software, performance, multiprocessors and multi computers called PDAs palmtops. Individual user has smaller the computer the more commonly used data structures include,! To develop such a high performance Supercomputer comes after China ’ s surge in high Supercomputer... 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